Banner Sugar & Vegetable Oils

DIRECTORATE OF SUGAR & VEGETABLE OILS

ABOUT US

The Directorate of Sugar & Vegetable Oils is an attached office of the Department of Food & Public Distribution and responsible for implementation of policies regarding production, distribution and consumption of sugar including policy matters relating to sugar and sugarcane sector, fixation of Fair & Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugar cane payable by sugar factories to the sugarcane growers, development and regulation of sugar industry (including training in the field of sugar technology) and supply of sugar under public distribution system (PDS). This Directorate also assists the Department in the management of edible oils sector, particularly relating to the availability and monitoring of prices.

sugar

(A) SUGAR DIVISION

There are 735 installed sugar factories in the country as on 31.01.2018, with sufficient crushing capacity to produce around 340 lakh MT of sugar. The capacity is roughly distributed equally between private sector units and co-operative sector units. The capacity of sugar mills is, by and large, in the range of 2500 TCD-5000 TCD bracket but increasingly expanding and going even beyond 10000 TCD. Two standalone refineries have also been established in the country in the coastal belt of Gujarat and West Bengal which produce refined sugar mainly from imported raw sugar as also from indigenously produced raw sugar. The sector-wise break-up of sugar mills in the country is as given below :-

Sl. No

Sector

Number of factories

1.

Co-operative

327

2.

Private

365

3.

Public

43

Total

735*


*Includes one refinery each in West Bengal & Gujarat.

sugar

Cane Price Arrears

The payment to sugarcane farmers by sugar mills, though statutorily supported by various statutes and enforced by State Governments, get affected by the dynamics of domestic market price as well as international situation related to export possibilities.The sugar production in the country has been more than domestic requirements for consecutive five sugar seasons from 2010-11 onwards except during 2016-17 when the production was though low but the total availability of sugar including huge carryover stocks, was sufficient to meet the domestic requirement. The production during current sugar season 2017-18 is also expected to be sufficient to meet domestic requirements. Due to surplus sugar production, the prices of sugar had been subdued in the domestic market, adversely affecting the liquidity of the sugar mills and their ability to pay the cane dues to the sugarcane farmers in time. Consequently, the Government has implemented various schemes to increase the liquidity of the sugar mills so that the cane price arrears could be kept to a minimum during these seasons. The position of cane price payments and arrears for the past few sugar seasons, on a similar cut-off date, was as under :-

Season

Position as on

Total Price Payable

Total Price paid

Arrears

% of arrears on price Payable

2017-18

31.01.2018

42,658.75

28,727.13

13,931.62

32.66

2016-17

31.01.2017

33,162.48

23,759.76

9,402.72

28.35

2015-16

31.01.2016

13,878.32

8,431.20

5,447.12

39.25

2014-15

31.01.2015

28,635.37

16,350.78

12,284.59

42.90

2013-14

31.01.2014

26,364.37

14,115.43

12,248.94

46.46

2012-13

31.01.2013

31,214.75

21,061.81

10,152.94

32.53

REVIEW OF EXISTING SYSTEM FOR DISTRIBUTION OF SUGAR THROUGH PDS TO ANTYODAYA ANNA YOJANA (AAY) FAMILIES

Sugar was distributed through the Targeted Public Distribution System(TDPS) by the States/UTs. at subsidized prices for which the Central Governments was reimbursing @ 18.50/- per kilogram of sugar distributed by the participating State Governments /UT. Administrations. The scheme was covering all BPL population of the country as per 2001 census and all the population of the North Eastern States/ Special category/Hilly States and Island territories. The National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA) is now being universally implemented by all 36 States/UTs. Under the NFSA, there is no identified category of BPL; however, the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) beneficiaries are clearly identified. The Government of India has reviewed the Sugar Subsidy Scheme and has decided that it is imperative to give access to consumption of sugar as a source of energy in diet, for the poorest of the poor section of the society i.e. AAY families. Accordingly, the Central Government has decided that the existing system of sugar distribution through PDS may be continued as per the following.

i. The existing scheme of supply of subsidized sugar through PDS may be continued for restricted coverage of AAY families only. They will be provided 1 Kg. of sugar per family per month.

ii. The current level of subsidy at Rs. 18.50/- per kg provided by the Central Government to State/UTs. for distribution of sugar through PDS may be continued for the AAY population. The States/UTs. may continue to pass on any additional expenditure on account of transportation, handling and dealers’ commission etc. over and above the retail issue price of Rs. 13.50/- per kg to the beneficiary or bear it themselves.

Pursuant to the above decision, revised guidelines for reimbursement of sugar subsidy to States/UTs. for distribution of sugar under PDS for AAY families have also been issued.

PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND STOCKS OF SUGAR

Production of Sugar

Sugar production in India has been cyclic in nature. Every 2-3 years of high sugar production are followed by 2-3 years of low sugar production. From the sugar season 2010-11 to 2015-16,the country could also generate surpluses for export, earning valuable foreign exchange in the process. But due to continuous drought like situation in Maharashtra & Karnataka during the last two sugar seasons, the production of sugar in the previous sugar season 2016-17 has been lower than the domestic demand. However, with the carry over stock of 77.10 Lakh Tons of last sugar season and estimated production of 202 Lakh MT, the sugar availability was sufficient to meet the domestic demand.

Season wise production of sugar from 2012-13 and onwards is given below :-

Sugar Season

(October-September)

Production of Sugar

(Qty. in lakh tonnes)

2012-13

258.58*

2013-14

245.54

2014-15

284.63

2015-16

251.21

2016-17(Provisional)

202.27

2017-18(Estimated)

270

* - includes 6.76 lakh tonnes white sugar produced from imported raw sugar.

Closing stocks of sugar

The closing stocks of sugar at the end of each sugar season from 2012-13 and onwards is given below :-

(Qty. in lakh tonnes)

Sugar Season

Closing Stock

2012-13

91.09

2013-14

72.13

2014-15

88.76

2015-16

77.10

2016-17(Provisional)

39.62

The details of estimated carry-over stocks, production, imports, availability, estimated internal consumption, closing stocks for the last five seasons are as under :-

Sugar Balance Sheet since 2012-13 Sugar Season and onwards.

( Qty. in Lac tons)

Particulars

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-17

(Provisional)

Carry- over stocks with sugar mills from Previous season

66.96

91.09

72.13

90.00

77.10

Less –Adjusted 5%

0.95

-

-

-

-

Export quantity from 2010-11 stock against OGL -3 (allowed but exported after Sep, 11)

-

-

-

-

-

Net Opening Stock

66.01

91.09

72.13

90.00

77.10

Production of Sugar

251.82

245.54

284.63

251.21

202.27

Imports

6.76

1.05

-

-

5.00

Estimated Total availability

324.59

337.68

356.76

341.21

284.37

dispatches from mills for Internal consumption

230.00

243.00

256.00

247.61

244.25

Exports against ALS/AAS obligation and OGL

3.5

22.55

12.00

16.50

0.50

Domestic Raw Despatches

-

-

-

-

-

Total Estimated releases/Dispatches

233.50

265.55

268.00

264.11

244.75

Estimated Closing Stocks with sugar mills at the end of season

91.09

72.13

88.76

77.10

39.62


Ex-mill & Retail Prices of Sugar

The range of price of sugar (S-30 Grade) in the major centres of the country from sugar season 2009-10 to 2016-17 (upto December, 2017), was as under :-

Sugar Season

( October - September)

*Range of Ex-mill Prices

(Rs. per quintal)

**Range of retail prices

(Rs. per kg.)

2009-10

2500-4400

25.00-47.00

2010-11

2350-3090

28.00-34.00

2011-12

2540-3735

31.17-43.70

2012-13

2810-3685

32.74-41.00

2013-14

2420-3300

31.00-36.00

2014-15

2050-2860

29.35-35.87

2015-16

2350-3500

30.55-41.00

2016-17

3394-3712

40.76-43.48

Source: * Daily Trade Mart Enquiry, Directorate of Sugar and Vegetable Oils.

** Price Monitoring Cell, Department of Consumer Affairs.

Export of Sugar

Sugar is an essential Commodity. Its sales, delivery from mills, and distribution were regulated by the Government under EC Act, 1955. Till 15.01.1997, the exports of sugar were being carried out under the provisions of the Sugar Export Promotion Act, 1958, through the notified export agencies, viz. Indian Sugar & General Industry Export Import Corporation Ltd. (ISGIEIC) and State Trading Corporation of India Ltd. (STC).

Through an Ordinance, the Sugar Export Promotion Act, 1958, was repealed w.e.f. 15th January, 1997 and thus the export of sugar was decanalised. Under decanalised regime, the export of sugar was being carried out through the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), under Ministry of Commerce. Thereafter, the sugar export was undertaken by the various sugar mills/merchant exporters, after obtaining the export release orders from the Directorate of Sugar.

During the surplus phase of 2006-07 and 2007-08 sugar seasons, the sugar exports were permitted without release orders vide notification dated 31.07.2007. Subsequently, the necessity of obtaining release order was reintroduced from 01.01.2009, in view of drop in sugar production. However, due to surplus production during 2010-11 sugar season, Government permitted exports under OGL on the strength of the release order.

The phase of surplus production continued and the Government vide Notification No. 1059(E) dated 11.05.2012 has again dispensed with the requirement of export release orders. Thereafter, the export of sugar was allowed free subject to prior registration of quantity with DGFT. Subsequently, w.e.f. 07th September, 2015, the requirement for prior registration (RC) was also dispensed. Due to expected drop in sugar production during 2016-17 sugar season, customs duty @20% has been imposed on ex[port of sugar w.e.f.20.06.2016. As per current policy, export of sugar under OGL is free subject to payment of 20% custom duty.

Import of Sugar

Import of sugar, which was placed under Open General License (OGL) with zero duty in March, 1994, continued with zero duty upto 27.04.1999. The Government imposed a basic customs duty of 5% and a countervailing duty of Rs. 850.00 per tonne on imported sugar with effect from 28.04.1998. The basic custom duty was increased from 5% to 20% w.e.f. 14.04.1999 in addition to the countervailing duty. In the Union Budget for the year 1999-2000, duty on imported sugar was further increased from 20% to 25% with surcharge of 10% . the customs duty on imports of sugar was again increased to 40% on 30.12.1999 and 60% on 09.02.2000 along with continuance of countervailing duty of Rs. 950/- per ton (w.e.f. 01.03.2008) plus 3% education cess.

Sugar production in the sugar season 2008-09 had been declined and in order to augment the domestic stock of sugar, the Central Government has allowed import of raw sugar at zero duty under Open General License (OGL) w.e.f. 17.04.2009 which was applicable till 30.06.2012. Thereafter, a moderate duty of 10% was re-imposed w.e.f. 13.07.2012 which was subsequently increased to 15% w.e.f. 08.07.2013. Due to surplus stocks of sugar in the country and in order to check any possible imports, the Government increased the import duty from 15% to 25 % on 21.08.2014, which was subsequently increased to 40% w.e.f. 30.04.2015, which was subsequently increased to 50% w.e.f. 10.07.2017 which is still is vogue.

In order to minimise the regional imbalances in demand and supply for keeping the sugar prices at reasonable level, the Government permitted 8 Lakh MT of raw sugar import by sugar mills in two tranches of 5 Lakh MT at 0% duty and 3 Lakh MT at 25% duty for processing it to the white sugar and make available for domestic consumption. During the current sugar season 2017-18, the sugar production is estimated to be at 270 LMT which is sufficient to meet the domestic requirement.

As per information published by DGCIS, Kolkata, the export/import of sugar from sugar season 2009-10 to 2016-17 is given below :-

Export of Sugar

Sugar Season(Oct-Sept)

Quantity ( in lakh M.Ts) *

2009-10

2.371

2010-11

28.14

2011-12

36.74

2012-13

12.02

2013-14

26.85

2014-15

24.32

2015-16

37.98

2016-17

21.30

Import of Sugar

Sugar Season

Quantity ( in lakh M.Ts) *

2009-10

41.80

2010-11

3.65

2011-12

1.886

2012-13

17.12

2013-14

10.788

2014-15

12.82

2015-16

19.06

2016-17

26.82

* Includes quantity under Advanced Authorisation Scheme.

PRODUCTION SUBSIDY ON CANE CRUSHED

The Government Notified performance based production subsidy scheme vide notification dated 02.12.2015 which was subsequently amended vide notification dated 12.09.2016 to provide subsidy @ Rs. 4.50 per quintal on cane crushed during 2015-16 sugar upto 19.05.2016 (date of withdrawal of scheme) contingent upon achievement of targeted performance in respect of sugar export and supply of ethanol under Ethanol Blending Programme EBP (in case the mill have ethanol production capacity). Rs. 511.90 crore have been disbursed to 207 sugar mills under the production subsidy scheme till financial Year 2016-17.

SUGAR STANDARDS:

Sugar Industry Sectional Committee of Food & Agricultural Division( FAD-2), Bureau of Indian Standard(BIS), with the concurrence of Head, Food & Agricultural Division, BIS recommends the Indian Sugar Standards from year to year for use by the sugar factories, trade, Government Organizations, etc and to review the price differentials for different grades of sugar and other related matters.

E-GOVERNANCE INITIATIVES

E-GOVERNANCE INITIATIVES

In order to improve and systemize the data management system in sugar sector, the Directorate of Sugar under Department of Food and Public Distribution has developed a web based platform (esugar.nic.in/sugar_pII ) for online submission of inputs by sugar mills on monthly basis. This has helped the Government to take prompt and informed policy decisions for better management of sugar sector. The new system also provides transparency in the data management of the sugar mills as well as Government’s working. The portal also provides window for online connectivity with the State Governments for getting inputs regarding production, stocks utilization of levy sugar for PDS, cane price arrears of sugar mills on fortnightly basis etc.

(B) - OIL DIVISION

About Us

It seeks to coordinate management of edible oils in the country through a multi-pronged strategy, namely, (i) assessment of the domestic demand for edible oils and its availability from domestic sources. Mismatch of demand and supply is met through import of edible oils so as to maintain their prices at reasonable level; (ii) It also closely monitors prices of edible oils both in the domestic and in the international market and initiate necessary policy measures whenever necessary. The Division compiles the production of edible oil on the basis of online submission of data by vegetable oil industries registered with the Directorate. The monthly production data of edible oils is transmitted to M/O Statistics & PI for compilation of monthly Index of Industrial Production (IIP) which is released on 12th of every month. The Division is staffed with qualified technical people who assist the Ministry in the coordinated management of Vegetable Oils particularly relating to production/availability and monitoring of prices.

sugar

Edible Oil Scenario

Importance of Edible Oils in the Country’s Economy

Oilseeds and edible oils are two of the most sensitive essential commodities. India is one of the largest producer of oilseeds in the world and this sector occupies an important position in the agricultural economy, accounting for the estimated production of 32.09 million tons of nine cultivated oilseeds during the year 2016-17 (November-October) as per 4th Advance Estimates released by the Ministry of Agriculture on 16.08.2017. India contributes about 6-7% of the world oilseeds production. Export of oil meals, oilseeds and minor oils was about 3.28 million tons in the financial year 2016-17 valued at Rs 15294 crores.

Types of Oils commonly in use in India

India is fortunate in having a wide range of oilseeds crops grown in its different agro climatic zones. Groundnut, mustard.rapeseed, sesame, safflower, linseed, nigerseed.castor are the major traditionally cultivated oilseeds. Soyabean and sunflower have also assumed importance in recent years. Coconut is most important amongst the plantation crops. Efforts are being made to grow oil palm in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and North- Eastern parts of the country in addition to Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Among the non-conventional oils, rice bran oil and cottonseed oil are the most important. In addition, oilseeds of tree and forest origin, which grow mostly in tribal inhabited areas, are also a significant source of oils. Figures pertaining to estimated production of major cultivated oilseeds, availability of edible oils from all domestic sources (from Domestic and Import Sources) during the last ten years are as under: -

( In lakh Tons)

Oil Year (Nov.- Oct.)

Production of Oilseeds*

Net availability of edible oils from all domestic sources

Imports**

Total Availability of Edible Oils

2007-08

297.55

86.54

54.34

140.88

2008-09

277.19

84.56

74.98

159.54

2009-10

248.83

79.46

74.64

154.10

2010-11

324.79

97.82

72.42

170.24

2011-12

297.98

89.57

99.43

189.00

2012-13

309.43

92.19

106.05

198.24

2013-14

328.79

100.80

109.76

210.56

2014-15

266.75

89.78

127.31

217.09

2015-16

252.50

86.30

148.50

234.80

2016-17

320.97*

100.99

153.17

254.16

Source : * As per Final 4th Advance Estimates (dated 16.08.2017) released by Ministry of Agriculture.

** DGCIS

Consumption Pattern of Edible Oils in India

India is a vast country and inhabitants of several of its regions have developed specific preference for certain oils largely depending upon the oils available in the region. For example, people in the South and West prefer groundnut oil while those in the East and North use mustard.rapeseed oil. Likewise several pockets in the South have a preference for coconut and sesame oil. Inhabitants of northern plain are basically consumers of fats and therefore prefer Vanaspati, a term used to denote a partially hydrogenated edible oil mixture of oils like soyabean, sunflower, ricebran and cottonseed oils. Many new oils from oilseeds of tree and forest origin have found their way to the edible pool largely through vanaspati route. Of late, things have changed. Through modern technological means such as physical refining, bleaching and de-odorization, all oils have been rendered practically colorless, odorless and tasteless and therefore, have become easily interchangeable in the kitchen. Oils such as soyabean oil, cottonseed oil, sunflower oil, rice bran oil, palm oil and its liquid fraction- palmolein which were earlier not known have now entered the kitchen. The share of raw oil, refined oil and vanaspati in the total edible oil market is estimated roughly at 35%, 60% and 5% respectively. About 60% of domestic demand of edible oils is met through imports out of which palm oil.palmolein constitutes about 62%. The consumption of refined palmolein (RBD palmolein) as well as its blending with other oils has increased substantially over the years and is used extensively in hotels, restaurants and in preparation of wide varieties of food products.

Major Features of Edible Oil Economy.

There are two major features, which have significantly contributed to the development of this sector. One was the setting up of the Technology Mission on Oilseeds in 1986 which has been converted into a National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) in 2014. This gave a thrust to Government's efforts for augmenting the production of oilseeds. This is evident by the very impressive increase in the production of oilseeds from about 11.3 million tonnes in 1986-87 to 32.09 million tons in 2016-17. Most of the oilseeds are cultivated on marginal land and are dependent on rainfall and other climatic conditions. The other dominant feature which has had significant impact on the present status of edible oilseeds.oil industry has been the program of liberalization under which the Government's economic policy allowing greater freedom to the open market and encourages healthy competition and self regulation rather than protection and control. Controls and regulations have been relaxed resulting in a highly competitive market dominated by both domestic and multinational players.

Export Import Policy on Edible Oils

In order to harmonize the interests of farmers, processors and consumers and at the same time, regulate large import of edible oils to the extent possible, import duty structure on edible oils is reviewed from time to time. W.E.F. 17.11.2017, import duty on Crude and Refined Palm oils was increased to 30% & 40% respectively, import duty on Crude and Refined Soyabean oil increased to 30% & 35% respectively,import duty on Crude and Refined Sunflower oil increased to 25% & 35% respectively and import duty on Crude and Refined Rapeseed oils increased to 25% & 35% respectively.

Export of edible oils had been banned w.e.f. 17.03.2008. However, w.e.f. 05.02.2013, castor oil, coconut oil from Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) ports and through notified Land Custom Stations, edible oils produced from minor forest produce and organic edible oils have been exempted from the prohibition on export of edible oils. Export of edible oils has been permitted in branded consumer packs of upto 5 kg, subject to a minimum Export Price of USD 900 per MT w.e.f. 06.02.2015. Export of Rice Bran Oil in bulk has been exempted from the ban w.e.f. 06.08.2015, while Groundnut oil, Sesame oil, Soyabean oil and Maize oil have been exempted from the ban w.e.f. 27.03.2017

Historical pattern of import duties on the major edible oils during the last ten years

Name of Oils

Rates of Import Duty . Effective Dates

Crude Palm Oil

50% (13.4.

2007)

45% (23.7.

2007)

20% (21.3.2008)

0%

(1.4. 2008)

0% (17.3.2012)

2.5% (23.1. 2013)

2.5%

(23.1.2013)

7.5%

(24.12. 2014)

12.5%

(17.9.2015)

7.5%

(23.9.2016)

15%

(11.8. 2017)

30%

(17.11.2017)

RBD Palmolein

57.5% (13.4. 2007)

52.5% (23.7. 2007)

27.5% (21.3. 2008)

7.5 % (01.4. 2008)

7.5 % (17.3. 2012)

7.5 % (17.3. 2012)

10% (20.1. 2014)

15%

(24.12.2014

20% (17.9. 2015

15%

(23.9. 2016)

25%

(11.8. 2017)

40%

(17.11.2017)

Crude Soyabean Oil

20% (18.11. 2008)

0% (24.3. 2009)

0%

0%

0% (17.3. 2012)

2.5% (23.1. 2013)

2.5%

(23.1. 2013)

7.5%

(24.12. 2014

12.5%

(17.9. 2015

17.5%

(11.8. 2017)

17.5%

(11.8. 2017)

30%

(17.11.

2017))

Refined Soyabean Oil

7.5 % (18.11 2008)

7.5 % (24.3. 2009)

7.5 %

7.5 %

7.5 % (17.3. 2012)

7.5 % (17.3. 2012)

10%

(20.1.

2014)

15%

(24.12. 2014

20%

(17.9. 2015

20%

(17.9. 2015

20%

(17.9. 2015

35%

(17.11.

2017)

Crude Sun-flower Oil

40% (23.7. 2007)

20% (21.3. 2008)

0% (1.4.2008)

0% (24.3. 2009)

0% (17.3. 2012)

2.5% (23.1. 2013)

2.5%

(23.1.

2013)

7.5%

(24.12. 2014

12.5%

(17.9. 2015

12.5%

(17.9. 2015

12.5%

(17.9. 2015

25%

(17.11.

2017)

Refined Sun-flower Oil

50% (23.7. 2007)

27.5% (21.3. 2008)

7.5 % (01.4. 2008)

7.5 % (24.3. 2009)

7.5 % (17.3. 2012)

7.5 % (17.3. 2012)

10%

(20.1. 2014)

15%

(24.12. 2014

20%

(17.9. 2015

20%

(17.9. 2015

20%

(17.9. 2015

35%

(17.11.2017))

Major recent decisions in respect of edible oils during 2017-18.

1.Vide Notification No. 87/2017-Customs dated 17th November,2017, import duty on Crude and Refined Palm oils increased to 30% & 40% respectively, import duty on Crude and Refined Soyabean oil increased from to 30% & 35% respectively,import duty on Crude and Refined Sunflower oil increased from to 25% & 35% respectively and import duty on Crude and Refined Rapeseed oils increased to 25% & 35% respectively.

2.Vide Notification No. 43/2015-20 dated 27th March,2017, Groundnut oil, Sesame oil, Soyabean oil and Maize oil have been exempted from the ban on export of edible oils.

3.With the implementation of FSSAI Act, 2006 w.e.f. 5th August, 2011, the edible oil industries is now governed by FSSAI for issue of license, safety and standard parameters. However, the data monitoring of procurement for the edible oil industries are being administered by the Directorate under Vegetable Oil Products, Production and Availability (VOPPA)(Regulation) Order, 2011.

E-GOVERNANCE INITIATIVES

In order to improve and systemize the data management system in the vegetable oil sector, the Directorate of Sugar & Vegetable Oils under Department of Food and Public Distribution has developed a web based platform (evegoils.nic.in) for online submission of inputs by vegetable oil producers on monthly basis. This has helped the Government to take prompt and informed policy decisions for better management of vegetable oil sector. The new system also provides transparency in the data management of the vegetable oil industry as well as Government’s working. The portal also provides window for online registration and submission of monthly production returns.

Status of the Vegetable Oil Industry(as on 31.01.2018)

1.Vegetable Oil Industries registered under VOPPA(R) Order, 2011, with the Directorate

Type of Industry

No. Of Units Registered

  1. Vanaspati, Interestified Vegetable Fats

100

  1. Refinery along with Solvent plant & Oil Mills.

216

  1. Oil Mill & Blended Edible Vegetable Oil.

255

  1. Solvent Extraction Units

126

Total

697

Archives

Major decisions in respect of edible oils and fats since 2007.

By virtue of Notification No. CUS NTF No. 08.2007 dated 24.1.2007, import duty on Crude Palm Oil.Crude Palmolein has been reduced from 70% to 60%, import duty on refined Palm Oil.RBD Palmolein reduced from 80% to 67.5%, import duty on Crude Sunflower Oil reduced from 75% to 65% and import duty on refined Sunflower Oil reduced from 85% to 75%.

1.W.e.f. 01.03.2007, import duty on Crude Sunflower Oil has been reduced from 65% to 50% and import duty on refined Sunflower Oiland other Oils has been reduced from 75% to 60%. Further edible oils (except Soyabean oil, rapeseed oil and mustard oil) will attract education cess of 3% of the aggregate of customs duty. With effect from 1.3.2007, all edible oils will not attract Special Additional Duty of customs @ 4%.

2.W.e.f 13.4.07, import duty on Crude Palm Oil. crude palmolein has been reduced from 60% to 50% and import duty on Refined Palm Oil. RBD has been reduced from 67.5% to 57.5%.

3. W.e.f. 23.7.2007, import duty on Crude Palm Oil. Palmolein and Refined Palm Oil. Palmolein has been reduced from 50% to 45% and 57.5% to 52.5% respectively and import duty on Crude and Refined Sunflower Oil has been reduced from 50% to 40% and 60% to 50% respectively and import duty on Crude and Refined Soyabean Oil has been reduced from 45% to 40%.

5.The earlier Order dated 12.06.2000 and 21.04.2003 wherein minimum level of usage of indigenous oils and maximum level of usageof expeller mustard oil in vanaspati were stipulated, have been rescinded vide Order No. 45-VP(2)/99 dated 11-2-2008 under the provisions of Vegetable oil Products (Regulation) Order, 1998. Thus as on date, there is no mandatory compulsion regarding usage of indigenous oils including expeller mustard oil in the manufacture of vanaspati.

6. W.e.f 21.03.2008, import duty on Crude PalmOil. Palmolein and Refined Palm Oil. Palmolein has been reduced from 45% to 20% and 52.5% to 27.5%, respectively and import duty on Crude and Refined Sunflower Oil has been reduced from 40% to 20% and 50%to 27.5% respectively and import duty on Crude & Refined Mustard. Rapeseed Oil has been reduced from 75% to 20% and 75% to 27.5%respectively.

7.W.e.f. 1st April,2008, the customs duty on crude and refined forms of Palm Oil, Palmolein, Palm Kernel Oil, Soyabean Oil, Rapeseed. Mustard Oil,, Sunflower Oil, Safflower Oil, Groundnut Oil, Coconut Oil, and some other Vegetable Oils has been reduced to zero percent and 7.5% respectively, vide Notification No.42.2008-Customs issued by the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue.

8. DGFT vide notification no. 122/2008-Customs has increased the custom duty on degummed Soyabean Oil to 20%% w.e.f. 18.11.2008. However, the custom duty has been reduced to Nil w.e.f. 24.3.2009 vide DGFT Notification No. 27.2009-customs. The duty structure of 0% on crude oils and 7.5 % on refined oils has been continued.

9. DGFT vide Notification No. 85 (RE-2007)/2004-2009 dated 17th March, 2008 has banned export of all edible oils under Chapter 15 of Schedule I. However, export restrictions have been lifted in respect of castor oil (of non-edible grade), coconut oil (through Cochin Port) and certain oils (namely, Kokum oil. fat, sal oil. fat. stearine, Dhup oil, neemseed oil, Nigerseed oil, Mango Kernel oil. stearine. olein, processed or refined sal fat) produced from minor forest origin vide Notification No. 92(RE-2007).2004-2009 dated 1.4.2008 issued by Department of Commerce for period of one year. The ban of export was extended upto 16.03.2010 vide notification No. 98(RE-2008)/2004-09 dated 17.4.2009. DGFT vide notification 39(RE-2008)2004-09 has permitted the export of fish oil w.e.f 20.11.2008. The ban imposed vide notification no. 98(RE-2008)/2004-09 was extended upto 30.9.2010 vide notification No. 04.2009-2014 dated 4 September, 2010. The ban imposed vide notification no. 04.2009-2014 dated 4.9.2009 was extended upto 30.9.2011 vide notification No. 07(RE-2010).2009-2014 dated 30 September, 2010. Vide Notification No. 77(RE-2010)/2009-14, dated 28th September, 2011, the ban on export of edible oils with above exemption was extended upto 30.9.2012. Vide Notification No. 24 (RE-2012).2009-14, dated 19th October,2012, the ban on export of edible oils has been extended till further orders.

10. DGFT vide notification no. 60(RE-2008)/2004-09 has permitted the export of edible oils in branded consumer packs of upto 5 Kgs, subject to the limit of 10000 tons during the next one year upto 31.10.2009 w.e.f 20.11.2008.It was extended upto 31.10.2010 w.e.f 1.11.2009 and further extended upto 31.10.2011 w.e.f 1.11.2010. Vide Notification No. 77(RE-2010)/2009-14, dated 28th September, 2011, the export of edible oils in branded consumer packs with a ceiling of 10,000 tons was extended from 1.11.2011 to 31.10.2012. Export of edible oils banned w.e.f. 17.03.2008 was extended till further orders Vide Notification No. 24(RE-2012)/2009-14 dated 19th October 2012. Notification No. 32 (RE-2012).2009-14 dated 5th February, 2013 castor oil, coconut oil from all EDI Port and through Land Custom Stations (LCS), certain oils produced out of minor forest produce have been exempted from the prohibition on export of edible oils and export of edible oils in branded consumer packs of upto 5 kgs. subject to a Minimum Export Prices of USD 1500 per ton is allowed. Further vide Notification No. 45 (RE-2013)/2009-2014 dated 9th October, 2013, MEP on export of edible oils in branded consumer packs of upto 5 Kgs has been reduced to USD 1400 per MT. This was further reduced to USD 1100 vide Notification No. 80(RE-2013)/2009-2014 dated 30th April 2014.

11. State Governments have been authorized to re-impose stock restrictions with respect to edible oils/oilseeds with effect from 7th April, 2008 which has been extended upto 30.9.2015.

12. In order to provide relief to the poorer section of the society, from the rising prices of edible oils, the Central Government introduced a Scheme for Distribution of 10 lakh tons of edible oils in 2008-09 at a subsidy of Rs. 15.- per kg. through State Governments/UTs@ 1 kg. per ration card per month. The scheme was extended during 2009-10, 2010-2011, 2011-12 and further in 2012-13 upto 30.9.2013. After the implementation of the Scheme, edible oil prices have substantially declined and poorer sections were provided edible oils at subsidized rates.

13. In order to check the instances of under-invoicing of Edible Oil imports, the Government had fixed tariff value on their import vide Notifications issued by Ministry of Finance and revised from time to time. Government has taken decision to defreeze the tariff value of freezed since 2006 to align it with the current international prices which will help to augment the domestic availability of edible oils and better capacity utilization of refining industry. The tariff value is revised fortnightly.

14. In order to fulfil the obligations of Business Rules of the Department, a new order namely Vegetable Oil Products Production and Availability (Regulation) Order 2011 (GSR. 664-E of 2011) under Section 3 of Essential Commodity Act 1955 was notified on 7th September 2011.

15.Vide Notification No. 02.2013-Customs dated 23rd January, 2013, the import duty on crude edible oils has been increased from 0% to 2.5%.

16. Vide Notification No. 02.2014-Customs dated 20th January, 2014, the import duty on refined edible oils has been increased from 7.5%to 10.0%.

17. Vide Notification No. 34.2014-Customs dated 24th December, 2014, the import duty on crude oils increased from 2.5% to 7.5% and import duty on refined edible oils has been increased from 10.0%to 15.0%.

18.Vide Notification No. 46.2015-Customs dated 17th September, 2015, the import duty on crude oils increased from 7.5% to 12.5% and import duty on refined edible oils has been increased from 15.0% to 20.0%.

19.Vide Notification No. 51.2016-Customs dated 23rd September, 2016, the import duty on crude palm oil decreased from 12.5% to 7.5% and import duty on refined palm oils has been decreased from 20.0% to 15.0%.

20.Vide Notification No. 71/2017-Customs dated 11th August, 2017, the import duty on crude palm oil increased from 7.5% to 15% and import duty on refined palm oils has been increased from 15.0% to 25.0%. Import duty on Crude Soyabean oil increased from 12.5% to 17.5%

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